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China, U.S. Lead World in Saltiest Processed Meats, Fish

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TUESDAY, Oct. 19, 2021 (HealthDay News) — China and the United States are tremendous powers of salt consumption.

The two world leaders emerged with the very best salt ranges in processed meat and fish merchandise amongst 5 nations assessed in a brand new research.

High salt ranges in meals is a significant reason behind hypertension and its associated dangers of coronary heart and kidney illnesses and loss of life. The World Health Organization recommends a most salt consumption of two,000 mg/day, however common international salt consumption in 2010 was about two occasions greater.

The WHO has set a goal of a 30% international discount in salt consumption by 2025. Even although the 5 nations in this research have methods to cut back salt consumption, the “sodium content of meat and fish products in all the selected countries was very high, with a 100 g serving size of meat and fish products contributing to one half/ third of WHO recommended maximum daily sodium intake,” wrote Puhong Zhang, of the George Institute at Peking University Health Science Center, China, and colleagues.

Researchers examined meals diet labels of 26,500 merchandise in main grocery store chains in the nations, zeroing in on salt content material.

Overall salt ranges have been highest in China (1,050 mg/100 g), adopted by the United States, South Africa, Australia and the U.Okay. (432 mg/100 g), based on the research. The outcomes have been revealed Oct. 18 in the web journal BMJ Open.

The research additionally discovered broad variations in salt ranges inside and between the 5 nations, relying on merchandise and types.

For instance: common salt content material of meat merchandise was decrease in Australia (580 mg/100 g) than in the U.Okay. (590 mg/100 g). Salt content material of roast rooster in China was 4.5 occasions greater than in the U.Okay. (893 mg/100 g vs. 197 mg/100 g). Chilled fish in China was 4.5 occasions saltier than in the United States however the salt content material of bacon, frozen meat, salami and cured meats, dried meat and frozen fish in China was the bottom of all 5 nations.

Processed meat merchandise included: meat options; bacon; canned meat; frozen meat; meat burgers; salami and cured meats; sausages and scorching canines; sliced meat; dried meat; pate and meat spreads; kebabs; “other” meat merchandise and uncooked flavored meats. Also included have been entire hams and comparable merchandise; roast rooster; and uncooked unflavored meats.

Processed fish merchandise included canned, chilled, frozen and “other” objects.

“It is not easy to simply replace or reformulate the high sodium products that already exist for years. However, the large difference in sodium content of similar products in different countries, and the difference in sodium content among different brands within the same country, indicate that there is still a lot of room for salt reduction,” the researchers famous in a journal information launch.

More info

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration provides methods to steadily reduce salt intake.

SOURCE: BMJ Open, information launch, Oct. 18, 2021


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